For all competitive examinations, the general knowledge questions will be asked it’s about 420 questions and answers were available in this PDF. So concentrate on these questions to clear the examination successfully. 

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  • Understanding Diversity

Diversity in India is home to a civilization that is 5,000 years old. Various groups of people from various parts of the world were attracted to India over the years because of its wealth. Some came for trade with the local people and others were keen on raiding its territory. So diverse races of people migrated into India by land and ocean routes over time. Thus the Dravidians, Negroids, Aryans, Alpines, and Mongoloids became parts of the modern Indian race. Then, the people who migrated to India also transferred to other parts of the country. This movement and migration of people is the rationale for India’s rich diversity. We will now study the diversity in India underneath the following broad headings: landforms and lifestyle diversity, social diversity, religious diversity, linguistic diversity, and cultural diversity.

  • Land Forms and Lifestyle Diversity

 A continent is a very large area of land with different physical features such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers and seas, and different types of weather patterns. India has all of them. India is known as a sub-continent. These elements have an underlying influence on the people who live in various landforms of the country. Physical and climatic features determine the financial activities of a region. People living in the plains thrive on agriculture, while people in the coastal areas carry on fishing for their livelihood. In mountainous regions, the rearing of animals is launched. Hilly landscapes are supported by profitable climatic conditions for the cultivation of coffee and tea. Diversity in landforms also affects the flora and fauna of a region. The plant and animal wealth of a place depends upon the natural habitat and the surroundings that prevail in that region. The food, clothing, occupation, and livelihood of the people are closely connected with the region’s natural surroundings and climate.

  • Interdependence and Co-existence

 A community is a place where people live jointly with a common good or heritage. Our community is made up of peasants, laborers, artisans, parents, teachers, students, and multiple others. For a restful livelihood, communities depend on each other.

  • Family and Society

Families constitute a fundamental unit of society. There are two kinds of families: joint families and nuclear families. Families live in harmonious neighborhoods. Hundreds of neighborhoods collectively form a village and thousands of them group jointly in a city. The requirements of people and the interdependence of residents for amenities such as water, food, electricity, education, housing, and so on get us together to live in harmony. Though we are diverse in our cultural traditions, we are united and interdependent socially.

  • Religious Diversity

Our Constitution declares India to be a secular nation in which all beliefs are treated equally. Freedom of religion is our fundamental right. India is the birthplace of multiple religions and has become the home of multiple others. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Zoroastrianism succeed in India. India is a land of festivals, where people from various religions engage in multiple colorful celebrations in various parts of the country and co-exist harmoniously. The wide variety of festivals observed in India is a true manifestation of its rich culture and practices. Festivals like Pongal, Deepavali, Holi, Vijayadhasami, AyudhaPuja, Navaratri, Durga Puja, Dussehra, Ganesh Chaturthi, Bihu, Kumbamela, Onam, Miladi Nabi, Ramzan, Christmas, Buddha Poornima, Mahavir Jayanthi, Guru Nanak Jayanthi, and Rakshabandhan are some of the celebrations that denote the artistic diversity of India.

  • Linguistic Diversity

 According to the census of India 2001, India has 122 primary languages and 1599 other languages. The four main Indian language families are Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, Austroasiatic, and Sino Tibetian. Tamil is the most aged Dravidian language. Historically, the Portuguese, the Dutch, the British, the Danish and the French reached to India for trade, and their occupation of India or some parts of it has left behind a certain effect on the culture and language of the people. Because the British headed over the whole country for over three hundred years before freedom in 1947, the English language achieved prominence in India. In due course, English has emerged as an essential language and a medium of instruction in schools and colleges. It is widely used in authorized communication and day-to-day life.


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